Monday, February 6, 2012

Steps involved in building a house



                  In rural Konkan,people build their own houses with the help of special  house builder from same village and with locally available material. This houses last for many generations. Nowadays ,Steps involve in house building are modified as per latest trend ,convenience ,time and other related  factors but sentiment will always remain same.
                 Building even a basic house is beyond the usual scope of a article, but here are some general guidelines, and a basic list of steps involved in constructing a house.
1)      Finance: This is first important step as, it will decide exact picture of the project. Owner must decide overall budget ,which includes amount of saving one wish to spend and  amount of loan considering current income ,future plans etc. Say your budget amount  is X.
         X=Architect’s fee+ Building material cost + labor cost + Contractor’s profit +                                    .Miscellaneous charges
2)      Plot selection: Purchasing plot is one of the most important part. Its better to take advise professional. He can find out positives and negatives of the site. Do not entirely trust on agents .There are lot more legal things involved along with services, designing. You will not always come across plot which do not have any problem but because of professional’s advice you will be able to find out if that can be overcome.
3)      Legal verification: Before purchasing plot, always check if land has clear marketable title. first find out tenure ,legal right of holder of lands in government records; tenure or possession right, whether free hold or leasehold or under government grant or sanad. Architect prepare drawings necessary for Client's/ statutory approvals and ensure compliance with codes, standards and legislation
4)      Planning and designing : Always get  plan  prepared by professional Architect. He is the one can develop most suitable design as per your taste, budget, site condition. Architect  can give professional assistance in both design and implementation of the building project.
5)      Hire contractor and prepare estimate :Based on quantities and specifications calculated by architect, owner asks for estimation from different contractor. He advises Client on appointment of contractors. Owner will get detail cost of construction in this process. During selection of contactor, owner  can clear certain  special conditions such as water supply required for construction, Electricity ,total time period required for work etc. In small  villages, Contractor and owner don’t go for formal contract but it is better to have one.
6)     Structural design : Based on architectural design ,structural designer prepares appropriate construction drawings such as column, beam, foundation as per load and soil conditions.
7)     Construction: During actual construction phase ,Periodic inspection and evaluation of Construction works are done by an architects.. Sometimes onsite changes are done in design by permission of an architect
8)      Completion: Its architect’s responsibility to prepare and submit completion reports and drawings for the project as required and assist the Client in obtaining "Completion/ Occupancy Certificate" from statutory authorities, wherever required.
              In  some part of konkan ,it is hard to get qualified and local architect. Sometimes cost of construction is so less that  some of the architects from cities  are not willing to do work in rural area, but it is always better to  have qualified and experienced professional to check the plot and  house construction. Go through this blog. I am trying to post details related with architectural  practice in konkan  area. You can email me queries  at sawant085@gmail.com.

6 comments:

  1. GOOD..........BUT I THINK U SHOULD GO AS PER NATURE OF THE TOPOGRAPHY AND THE ENCHANTED IDENTITY OF THE REGION ......"KOKAN" ABOUT WHICH YOU ARE TALKING ABOUT .........UNLESS HAVING THE DISCUSSION AND IDEOLOGY FOR THE CONSTRUCTING THE HOUSE /SHELTER AS THE NATIONAL STANDERTISED WAY ...WE SHOULD SAY THE WAY WHICH NATURE WANT PEOPLE TO ENJOY THERE RESIDENCE .......AND PEOPLE SHOULD DO SOME KIND OF AWARENESS TOWARD THE NATURE .UNLESS JUST BUILDING THE CONCRETE MASSES FOR THE INCOME SOURCE ... IF YOU SHOULD FIND OUT AND SUGGEST BETTER WAY OF CONSTRUCTION FOR CONSTRUCTING THE HOUSES IN THE REGION, WHICH WILL SUITES THE NATURE AND HUMAN LIFE .THEN IT WILL BE MORE BETTER .THERE ARE MANY ARCHITECTS FROM CITIES AND FROM THE AREA SAME WE ARE TALKING ABOUT WORKING ALL THE WAY FOR IMPROVISATION OF THE STANDARD OF CONSTRUCTION AND MAINTENANCE OF NATURE OF PURITY OF KOKAN .... IN CURRENT COST OF CONSTRUCTION .....EVEN I AM OPERATING MY KOKANS PROJECTS FROM MUMBAI ....BUT THERE IS STILL PROBLEM PEOPLE WHO NEWLY JUMPED INTO THE FIELD OF DEVELOPMENT AS A DEVELOPERS THEY ARE JUST USING AVAILABLE LOCAL MATERIAL WITHOUT GETTING THE ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF THAT AND WITHOUT PROPER TECHNIQUE AND PLANNING NORMS .THEY ARE JUST USING IT .......

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  2. Thank you Shashak, for your valuable comment. These guidelines are for people who want to build their house, but not aware of from where they have to start. Definately, Konkan is blessed with natural beauty and it’s our job to preserve and make our clients aware of it’s importance. There are very few qualified architects like you are working in this region. I feel about house building is that rather than using universal R.C.C. column beam standard, architect must use and enhance local material, local techniques ,local craftsmen to help this region to build it’s own identity.Goa and Kerala are able to maintain it,but part of konkan in Maharashatra somehow loosing slowly its charm. Konkan has to remain konkan. Dont make it California.
    We would like to see your project.If you can then email me some photos so that I can publish it on this blog.

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  3. hi teja , i have seen your entire blog which very helpful to architectural student like me. i am doing thesis on topic 'MTDC BEACH RESORT' & My site is supposed to be in konkan reign. i am on the initial stage of my thesis. so i am requisting you to help me out about my topic.( finally GOOD BLOG KEEP IT UP)

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  4. Dear Teja,

    I must say that your blog is very well written. Being an Architect myself and practising in Pune, we are sometimes not completely sure or rather i would put we have half knowledge of the prevailing rules in rural areas, specifically kokan.

    Your article definitely has helped me in understanding the rules better and after studying the same in detail would be able to share this knowledge with fellow like minded people.

    I appreciate your in-depth knowledge of the rules and thanks for sharing the same.
    Good Work !

    Regards,

    Ar.Gaurang Lele
    Pune

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  5. Great knowledge and information..........Get your Dream Home, property in Chiplun, 2bhk flat in chiplun information available here.

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  6. hiii tejal i like your concept and would like to renovate my house in assal konkani style can u plz help me by sending the concept on my mail id yogeshnmahamunkar@gmail.com

    regards
    yogesh mahamunkar

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